The review published in Nutrition & Food Science gathered evidence from 49 scientific studies. Results from observational studies showed that higher whole grain and dietary fibre intakes were associated with a significantly lower risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, abdominal obesity and certain cancers. Equally, intervention studies suggested benefits for appetite control, digestive health, improved blood lipid levels and glycaemic control.
Given these findings Government and industry should work to help the public identify foods rich in whole grains e.g. breakfast cereals and dietary fibre (especially insoluble fibre) and communicating the health benefits of these.
For more information, see: Ruxton CHS & Derbyshire EJ (2014) Nutrition & Food Science Vol. 44 (6), pg 492-519.